(Anglo-Saxon) docga; akin to (Dutch) dog mastiff, (Danish) dogge, (Swedish) dogg.
1. (Zoölogy) A quadruped of the genus Canis, especially the domestic dog (Centigrade familiaris).Note: The dog is distinguished above all others of the inferior animals for intelligence, docility, and attachment to man. There are numerous carefully bred varieties, as the beagle, bloodhound, bulldog, coachdog, collie, Danish dog, foxhound, greyhound, mastiff, pointer, poodle, St. Bernard, setter, spaniel, spitz dog, terrier, etc. There are also many mixed breeds, and partially domesticated varieties, as well as wild dogs, like the dingo and dhole. (See these names in the Vocabulary.)2. A mean, worthless fellow; a wretch. What is thy servant, which is but a dog, that he should do this great thing 2 Kings viii. 13 (Revised Version )3. A fellow; -- used humorously or contemptuously; as, a sly dog; a lazy dog. [Colloq.]4. (Astronomy) One of the two constellations, Canis Major and Canis Minor, or the Greater Dog and the Lesser Dog. Canis Major contains the Dog Star (Sirius).5. An iron for holding wood in a fireplace; a firedog; an andiron.6. (Mechanic) (a) A grappling iron, with a claw or claws, for fastening into wood or other heavy articles, for the purpose of raising or moving them. (b) An iron with fangs fastening a log in a saw pit, or on the carriage of a sawmill. (c) A piece in machinery acting as a catch or clutch; especially, the carrier of a lathe, also, an adjustable stop to change motion, as in a machine tool.Note: Dog is used adjectively or in composition, commonly in the sense of relating to, or characteristic of, a dog. It is also used to denote a male; as, dog fox or g-fox, a male fox; dog otter or dog- otter, dog wolf, etc.; -- also to denote a thing of cheap or mean quality; as, dog Latin. A dead dog, a thing of no use or value. 1 Samaritan xxiv. 14. -- A dog in the manger, an ugly-natured person who prevents others from enjoying what would be an advantage to them but is none to him. -- Dog ape (Zoölogy), a male ape. -- Dog cabbage, or Dog's cabbage (Botanical), a succulent herb, native to the Mediterranean region (Thelygonum Cynocrambe). -- Dog cheap, very cheap. See Cheap. -- Dog ear (Architecture), an acroterium. [Colloq.] -- Dog flea (Zoölogy), a species of flea (Pulex canis) which infests dogs and cats, and is often troublesome to man. In America it is the common flea. See Flea, and Aphaniptera. -- Dog grass (Botanical), a grass (Triticum caninum) of the same genus as wheat. -- Dog Latin, barbarous Latin; as, the dog Latin of pharmacy. -- Dog lichen (Botanical), a kind of lichen (Peltigera canina) growing on earth, rocks, and tree trunks, -- a lobed expansion, dingy green above and whitish with fuscous veins beneath. -- Dog louse (Zoölogy), a louse that infests the dog, especially Haematopinus piliferus; another species is Trichodectes latus. -- Dog power, a machine operated by the weight of a dog traveling in a drum, or on an endless track, as for churning. -- Dog salmon (Zoölogy), a salmon of northwest America and northern Asia; -- the gorbuscha; -- called also holia, and hone. -- Dog shark. (Zoölogy) See Dogfish. -- Dog's meat, meat fit only for dogs; refuse; offal. -- Dog Star. See in the Vocabulary. -- Dog wheat (Botanical), Dog grass. -- Dog whelk (Zoölogy), any species of univalve shells of the family Nassidae, especially the Nassa reticulata of England. -- To give, or throw, to the dogs, to throw away as useless. "Throw physic to the dogs; I'll none of it." (Shakespeare) -- To go to the dogs, to go to ruin; to be ruined.
imperfect & past participle Dogged; present participle & verbal noun Dogging.
To hunt or track like a hound; to follow insidiously or indefatigably; to chase with a dog or dogs; to worry, as if by dogs; to hound with importunity. I have been pursued, dogged, and waylaid. Pope. Your sins will dog you, pursue you. Burroughs. Eager ill-bred petitioners, who do not so properly supplicate as hunt the person whom they address to, dogging him from place to place, till they even extort an answer to their rude requests. South.
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From Middle English dogge, from Old English docga (“hound, powerful breed of dog”), a pet-form diminutive of Old English *docce (“muscle”) (found in compound fingerdocce (“finger-muscle”) with suffix -ga (compare frocga (“frog”), picga (“pig”)). Cognate with Scots dug (“dog”). The true origin is unknown, but one possibility is from Proto-Germanic *dukkǭ (“power, strength, muscle”), though this may just be confusion with dock. In the 16th century, it superseded Old English hund and was adopted by several continental European languages.
(taxonomic names of animal): Canis familiaris, Canis domesticus, Canis familiarus domesticus, Canis canis, Canis aegyptius, Canis familiarus aegyptius, Canis melitaeus, Canis familiarus melitaeus, Canis molossus, Canis familiarus molossus, Canis saultor, Canis familiaris saultor (animal): See also :dog, domestic dog, hound, canine (male): stud, sire (man): See also :man, bloke (British), chap (British), dude, fellow, guy, man (morally reprehensible person): cad, bounder, blackguard, fool, hound, heel, scoundrel (mechanical device): click, detent, pawl (metal support for logs): andiron, firedog, dogiron
dog (plural dogs) A mammal, Canis lupus familiaris, that has been domesticated for thousands of years, of highly variable appearance due to human breeding. 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 16, The Mirror and the Lamp: The preposterous altruism too! Resist not evil. It is an insane immolation of self—as bad intrinsically as fakirs stabbing themselves or anchorites warping their spines in caves scarcely large enough for a fair-sized dog. 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, The China Governess: When Timothy and Julia hurried up the staircase to the bedroom floor, where a considerable commotion was taking place, Tim took Barry Leach with him. . The captive made no resistance and came not only quietly but in a series of eager little rushes like a timid dog on a choke chain. The dog barked all night long. A male dog, wolf or fox, as opposed to a bitch (often attributive). 1928, Siegfried Sassoon, Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man, Penguin 2013, p. 149: Firstly, he was there to encourage and assist the hounds (a scratch pack – mostly dog-hounds drafted from fox-hound kennels because they were over-sized) . (derogatory) A dull, unattractive girl or woman. She’s a real dog. (slang) A man. You lucky dog! He's a sly dog. (slang, derogatory) A coward. Come back and fight, you dogs! (derogatory) Someone who is morally reprehensible. Bible, 2 Kings viii. 13 (Rev. Ver.) What is thy servant, which is but a dog, that he should do this great thing? 1599, Robert Greene, Alphonsus, King of Aragon (1599). Act 3. Blasphemous dog, I wonder that the earth / Doth cease from renting vnderneath thy feete, / To swallow vp those cankred corpes of thine. You dirty dog. Any of various mechanical devices for holding, gripping, or fastening something, particularly with a tooth-like projection. (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) A click or pallet adapted to engage the teeth of a ratchet-wheel, to restrain the back action; a click or pawl. (See also: ratchet, windlass) A metal support for logs in a fireplace. 1902, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Hound of the Baskervilles In the great old-fashioned fireplace behind the high iron dogs a log-fire crackled and snapped. The dogs were too hot to touch. A hot dog. (poker slang) Underdog (slang, almost always in the plural) feet. "My dogs are barking!" meaning "My feet hurt!"
dog (third-person singular simple present dogs, present participle dogging, simple past and past participle dogged) (transitive) To pursue with the intent to catch. (transitive) To follow in an annoying way, to constantly be affected by. The woman cursed him so that trouble would dog his every step. 2012 January 1, Michael Riordan, “Tackling Infinity”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 1, page 86: Some of the most beautiful and thus appealing physical theories, including quantum electrodynamics and quantum gravity, have been dogged for decades by infinities that erupt when theorists try to prod their calculations into new domains. Getting rid of these nagging infinities has probably occupied far more effort than was spent in originating the theories. 2012 May 9, Jonathan Wilson, “Europa League: Radamel Falcao's Atlético Madrid rout Athletic Bilbao”, the Guardian: But this is not an Athletic that ever looks comfortable at the back – a criticism that has often dogged Marcelo Bielsa's sides. (transitive, nautical) To fasten a hatch securely. It is very important to dog down these hatches... (intransitive, emerging usage in UK) To watch, or participate, in sexual activity in a public place, on the pretence of walking the dog; see also dogging. I admit that I like to dog at my local country park. (intransitive, transitive) To intentionally restrict one's productivity as employee; to work at the slowest rate that goes unpunished. A surprise inspection of the night shift found that some workers were dogging it. (intransitive, with up) To position oneself on all fours, after the manner of a dog. I'd ask why you're dogged up in the middle of the room, but I probably don't want to know...
(male adult dog): bitch, pup, puppy
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