(Old English) faut, faute, (French) faute (confer (Italian), (Spanish), & (Portuguese) falta), from a verb meaning to want, fail, frequentative, from (Latin) fallere to deceive. See Fail, and confer Default.
1. Defect; want; lack; default. One, it pleases me, for fault of a better, to call my friend. (Shakespeare)2. Anything that fails, that is wanting, or that impairs excellence; a failing; a defect; a blemish. As patches set upon a little breach Discredit more in hiding of the fault. (Shakespeare)3. A moral failing; a defect or dereliction from duty; a deviation from propriety; an offense less serious than a crime.4. (Geology & Mining) (a) A dislocation of the strata of the vein. (b) In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by impurities in the seam; as, slate fault, dirt fault, etc. Raymond.5. (Hunting) A lost scent; act of losing the scent. Ceasing their clamorous cry till they have singled, With much ado, the cold fault cleary out. (Shakespeare)6. (Tennis) Failure to serve the ball into the proper court. At fault, unable to find the scent and continue chase; hance, in trouble ot embarrassment, and unable to proceed; puzzled; thhrown off the track. -- To find fault, to find reason for blaming or complaining; to express dissatisfaction; to complain; -- followed by with before the thing complained of; but formerly by at. "Matter to find fault at." Robynson (More's Utopia).
imperfect & past participle Faulted; present participle & verbal noun Faulting.
1. To charge with a fault; to accuse; to find fault with; to blame. (obsolete) For that I will not fault thee. Old Song.2. (Geology) To interrupt the continuity of (rock strata) by displacement along a plane of fracture; -- chiefly used in the
as, the coal beds are badly faulted.
To err; to blunder, to commit a fault; to do wrong. (obsolete) If after Samuel's death the people had asked of God a king, they had not faulted. Latimer.
A fault is positive something morally wrong; a failing is negative some weakness or failling short in a man's character disposition or habits; a defect is also negative and as applied to character is the absence of anyything which is necessary to its completeness or perfection; a foible is a less important weakness which we overlook or smile at. A man may have many failings and yet commit but few faults; or his faults and failings may be few while his foibles are obvious to all. The faults of a friend are often palliated or explained away into mere defects and the defects or foibles of an enemy exaggerated into faults. "I have failings in common with every human being besides my own peculiar faults; but of avarice I have generally held myself guiltless." Fox. "Presumption and self-applause are the foibles of mankind." Waterland.
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From Middle English faute, faulte, from Anglo-Norman and Old French faute, from Vulgar Latin *fallita (“shortcoming”), from Latin falsus, perfect passive participle of fallō (“deceive”). Displaced native Middle English schuld, schuild (“fault”) (from Old English scyld (“fault”)), Middle English lac (“fault, lack”) (from Middle Dutch lak (“lack, fault”)), Middle English last (“fault, vice”) (from Old Norse lǫstr, löstr (“fault, vice, crime”)).
See also :defect
fault (plural faults) A defect; something that detracts from perfection. Shakespeare As patches set upon a little breach / Discredit more in hiding of the fault. A mistake or error. No!. This is my fault, not yours A weakness of character; a failing. For all her faults, she's a good person at heart. A minor offense. Blame; the responsibility for a mistake. The fault lies with you. (seismology) A fracture in a rock formation causing a discontinuity. (mining) In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by impurities in the seam. slate fault, dirt fault, etc. (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?) (tennis) An illegal serve. (electrical) An abnormal connection in a circuit. (obsolete) want; lack Shakespeare one, it pleases me, for fault of a better, to call my friend (hunting) A lost scent; act of losing the scent. Shakespeare Ceasing their clamorous cry till they have singled, / With much ado, the cold fault clearly out.
fault (third-person singular simple present faults, present participle faulting, simple past and past participle faulted) (transitive) To criticize, blame or find fault with something or someone. Traditional song For that I will not fault thee / But for humbleness exalt thee. (intransitive, geology) To fracture. (intransitive) To commit a mistake or error. (intransitive, computing) To undergo a page fault. 2002, Æleen Frisch, Essential system administration When a page is read in, a few pages surrounding the faulted page are typically loaded as well in the same I/O operation in an effort to head off future page faults.
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