(Old English) fir, fyr, fur (Anglo-Saxon) fr; akin to (Dutch) vuur, (Old Saxon) & (Old High German) fiur, German feuer, (Icelandic) f, f, (Greek) purus pure, (English) pure Confer Empyrean, Pyre.
1. The evolution of light and heat in the combustion of bodies; combustion; state of ignition.Note: The form of fire exhibited in the combustion of gases in an ascending stream or current is called flame. Anciently, fire, air, earth, and water were regarded as the four elements of which all things are composed.2. Fuel in a state of combustion, as on a hearth, or in3. The burning of a house or town; a conflagration.4. Anything which destroys or affects like fire.5. Ardor of passion, whether love or hate; excessive warmth; consumingviolence of temper. he had fire in his temper.Atterbury.6. Liveliness of imagination or fancy; intellectual and moral enthusiasm; capacity for ardor and zeal. And bless their critic with a poet's fire.Pope.7. Splendor; brilliancy; luster; hence, a star. Stars, hide your fires.Shak. As in a zodiac representing the heavenly fires.Milton.8. Torture by burning; severe trial or affliction.9. The discharge of firearms; firing; as, the troops were exposed to a heavy fire. Blue fire, Red fire, Green fire (Pyrotech.), compositions of various combustible substances, as sulphur, niter, lampblack, etc. the flames of which are colored by various metallic salts, as those of antimony, strontium, barium, etc. -- Fire alarm (a) A signal given on the breaking out of a fire. (b) An apparatus for giving such an alarm. -- Fire annihilator, a machine, device, or preparation to be kept at hand for extinguishing fire by smothering it with some incombustible vapor or gas, as carbonic acid. -- Fire balloon. (a) A balloon raised in the air by the buoyancy of air heated by a fire placed in the lower part. (b) A balloon sent up at night with fireworks which ignite at a regulated height. Simmonds. -- Fire bar, a grate bar. -- Fire basket, a portable grate; a cresset. Knight. -- Fire beetle. (Zoölogy) See in the Vocabulary. -- Fire blast, a disease of plants which causes them to appear as if burnt by fire. -- Fire box, the chamber of a furnace, steam boiler, etc. for the fire. -- Fire brick, a refractory brick, capable of sustaining intense heat without fusion, usually made of fire clay or of siliceous material, with some cementing substance, and used for lining fire boxes, etc. -- Fire brigade, an organized body of men for extinguished fires. -- Fire bucket. See Bucket. -- Fire bug, an incendiary; one who, from malice or through mania, persistently sets fire to property; a pyromaniac. [United States] -- Fire clay. See Clay. -- Fire company, a company of men managing an engine in extinguishing fires. -- Fire cross. See Fiery cross. (obsolete) Milton. -- Fire damp. See Damp. -- Fire dog. See Firedog, in the Vocabulary. -- Fire drill. (a) A series of evolutions performed by fireman for practice. (b) An apparatus for producing fire by friction, by rapidly twirling a wooden pin in a wooden socket; -- used by the Hindoos during all historic time, and by many savage peoples. -- Fire eater. (a) A juggler who pretends to eat fire. (b) A quarrelsome person who seeks affrays; a hotspur. [Colloq.] -- Fire engine, a portable forcing pump, usually on wheels, for throwing water to extinguish fire. -- Fire escape, a contrivance for facilitating escape from burning buildings. -- Fire gilding (Fine Arts), a mode of gilding with an amalgam of gold and quicksilver, the latter metal being driven off afterward by heat. -- Fire gilt (Fine Arts), gold laid on by the process of fire gilding. -- Fire insurance, the act or system of insuring against fire; also, a contract by which an insurance company undertakes, in consideration of the payment of a premium or small percentage -- usually made periodically -- to indemnify an owner of property from loss by fire during a specified period. -- Fire irons, utensils for a fireplace or grate, as tongs, poker, and shovel. -- Fire main, a pipe for water, to be used in putting out fire. -- Fire master (Mil), an artillery officer who formerly supervised the composition of fireworks. -- Fire office, an office at which to effect insurance against fire. -- Fire opal, a variety of opal giving firelike reflections. -- Fire ordeal, an ancient mode of trial, in which the test was the ability of the accused to handle or tread upon red-hot irons. Abbot. -- Fire pan, a pan for holding or conveying fire, especially the receptacle for the priming of a gun. -- Fire plug, a plug or hydrant for drawing water from the main pipes in a street, building, etc. for extinguishing fires. -- Fire policy, the writing or instrument expressing the contract of insurance against loss by fire. -- Fire pot. (a, Military) A small earthen pot filled with combustibles, formerly used as a missile in war. (b) The cast iron vessel which holds the fuel or fire in a furnace. (c) A crucible. (d) A solderer's furnace. -- Fire raft, a raft laden with combustibles, used for setting fire to an enemy's ships. -- Fire roll, a peculiar beat of the drum to summon men to their quarters in case of fire. -- Fire setting (Mining), the process of softening or cracking the working face of a lode, to facilitate excavation, by exposing it to the action of fire; -- now generally superseded by the use of explosives. Raymond. -- Fire ship, a vessel filled with combustibles, for setting fire to an enemy's ships. -- Fire shovel, a shovel for taking up coals of fire. -- Fire stink, the stench from decomposing iron pyrites, caused by the formation of sulphureted hydrogen. Raymond. -- Fire surface, the surfaces of a steam boiler which are exposed to the direct heat of the fuel and the products of combustion; heating surface. -- Fire swab, a swab saturated with water, for cooling a gun in action and clearing away particles of powder, etc. Farrow. -- Fire teaser, in England, the fireman of a steam emgine. -- Fire water, ardent spirits; -- so called by the American Indians. -- Fire worship, the worship of fire, which prevails chiefly in Persia, among the followers of Zoroaster, called Chebers, or Guebers, and among the Parsees of India. -- Greek fire. See Greek. -- On fire, burning; hence, ardent; passionate; eager; zealous. -- Running fire, the rapid discharge of firearms in succession by a line of troops. -- St. Anthony's fire, erysipelas; -- an eruptive fever which St. Anthony was supposed to cure miraculously. Hoblyn. -- St. Elmo's fire. See Saint Elmo. -- To set on fire, to inflame; to kindle. -- To take fire, to begin to burn; to fly into a passion.
imperfect & past participle Fired; present participle & verbal noun Fring.
1. To set on fire; to kindle; as, to fire a house or chimney; to fire a pile.2. To subject to intense heat; to bake; to burn in a kiln; as, to fire pottery.3. To inflame; to irritate, as the passions; as, to fire the soul with anger, pride, or revenge. Love had fired my mind. Dryden.4. To animate; to give life or spirit to; as, to fire the genius of a young man.5. To feed or serve the fire of; as, to fire a boiler.6. To light up as if by fire; to illuminate. [The sun] fires the proud tops of the eastern pines. (Shakespeare)7. To cause to explode; as, to fire a torpedo; to disharge; as, to fire a musket or cannon; to fire cannon balls, rockets, etc.8. To drive by fire. (obsolete) Till my bad angel fire my good one out. (Shakespeare)9. (Farriery) To cauterize. To fire up, to light up the fires of, as of an engine.
1. To take fire; to be kindled; to kindle.2. To be irritated or inflamed with passion.3. To discharge artillery or firearms; as, they fired on the town. To fire up, to grow irritated or angry. "He... fired up, and stood vigorously on his defense." Macaulay.
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From Middle English fier, from Old English fȳr (“fire”), from *fuïr, a regularised form of Proto-Germanic *fōr (“fire”) (compare Saterland Frisian Fjuur, West Frisian fjoer, Dutch vuur, Low German Für, German Feuer, Danish fyr), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *péh₂ur (compare Hittite 𒉺𒀪𒄯 (paḫḫur), Umbrian pir, Tocharian A/B por/puwar, Czech pýř (“hot ashes”), Ancient Greek πῦρ (pur, “fire”), Armenian հուր (hur, “fire”)) and perhaps Albanian prush (“embers”). This was an inanimate noun whose animate counterpart was Proto-Indo-European *h₁ngʷnis, *h₁ngʷni-. Etymological twin to to pyre
(set on fire): See set on fire (transitive, shoot): let off, loose (archery), shoot, (terminate the employment of): dismiss, be given one's cards, be given the boot, be given the elbow, be given the old heave-ho, let go, make redundant, sack, throw out (intransitive, shoot a weapon): open fire, shoot See also :lay off
fire (countable and uncountable, plural fires) (uncountable) A (usually self-sustaining) chemical reaction involving the bonding of oxygen with carbon or other fuel, with the production of heat and the presence of flame or smouldering. (countable) Something that has produced or is capable of producing this chemical reaction, such as a campfire. We sat around the fire singing songs and telling stories. 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, Mr. Pratt's Patients: We toted in the wood and got the fire going nice and comfortable. Lord James still set in one of the chairs and Applegate had cabbaged the other and was hugging the stove. (countable) The often accidental occurrence of fire in a certain place leading to its full or partial destruction. There was a fire at the school last night and the whole place burned down. During hot and dry summers many fires in forests are caused by regardlessly discarded cigarette butts. (uncountable, alchemy) One of the four basic elements. (China, India and Japan) One of the five basic elements (see Wikipedia article on the Classical elements). (countable, UK) A heater or stove used in place of a real fire (such as an electric fire). (countable) The elements necessary to start a fire. The fire was laid and needed to be lit. (uncountable) The bullets or other projectiles fired from a gun. The fire from the enemy guns kept us from attacking. Strength of passion, whether love or hate. Atterbury He had fire in his temper. Liveliness of imagination or fancy; intellectual and moral enthusiasm. Alexander Pope And bless their critic with a poet's fire. Splendour; brilliancy; lustre; hence, a star. William Shakespeare Stars, hide your fires. John Milton As in a zodiac representing the heavenly fires. (countable) A button (on a joypad, joystick or similar device) usually used to make a video game character fire a weapon. Press fire to fire the gun.
fire (third-person singular simple present fires, present participle firing, simple past and past participle fired) (transitive) To set (something) on fire. 1897, H.G. Wells, The Invisible Man Chapter 20, "Then I slipped up again with a box of matches, fired my heap of paper and rubbish, put the chairs and bedding thereby, led the gas to the affair, by means of an india-rubber tube, and waving a farewell to the room left it for the last time." "You fired the house!" exclaimed Kemp. "Fired the house. It was the only way to cover my trail—and no doubt it was insured." 1907, Jack London, The Iron Heel It was long a question of debate, whether the burning of the South Side ghetto was accidental, or whether it was done by the Mercenaries; but it is definitely settled now that the ghetto was fired by the Mercenaries under orders from their chiefs. (transitive) To heat without setting on fire, as ceramic, metal objects, etc. If you fire the pottery at too high a temperature, it may crack. They fire the wood to make it easier to put a point on the end. (transitive) To drive away by setting a fire. Shakespeare Till my bad angel fire my good one out. (transitive) To terminate the employment contract of (an employee), especially for cause (such as misconduct or poor performance). 1969, Vladimir Nabokov, Ada or Ardor, Penguin 2011, p. 226: The first, obvious choice was hysterical and fantastic Blanche – had there not been her timidity, her fear of being ‘fired’ . (transitive) To shoot (a device that launches a projectile or a pulse of stream of something). We will fire our guns at the enemy. He fired his radar gun at passing cars. (intransitive) To shoot a gun, a cannon or a similar weapon. Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes. His nail gun fired about twenty roofing nails a minute. (transitive, sports) To shoot; to attempt to score a goal. 2010 December 29, Mark Vesty, “Wigan 2 - 2 Arsenal”, BBC: Andrey Arshavin equalised with a superb volley into the corner before Nicklas Bendtner coolly fired Arsenal in front. (intransitive, physiology) To cause an action potential in a cell. When a neuron fires, it transmits information. (transitive) To forcibly direct (something). He answered the questions the reporters fired at him. (intransitive, computer sciences, software engineering) To initiate an event (by means of an event handler) The event handler should only fire after all web page content has finished loading. To inflame; to irritate, as the passions. to fire the soul with anger, pride, or revenge Dryden Love had fired my mind. To animate; to give life or spirit to. to fire the genius of a young man To feed or serve the fire of. to fire a boiler To light up as if by fire; to illuminate. Shakespeare fires the proud tops of the eastern pines. (farriery) To cauterize. (intransitive, dated) To catch fire; to be kindled. (intransitive, dated) To be irritated or inflamed with passion.
Numeral fire (cardinal) four
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