Confer (Old French) fondeor, (French) fondateur, (Latin) fundator.
One who founds, establishes, and erects; one who lays a foundation; an author; one from whom anything originates; one who endows.
From Found to cast.
One who founds; one who casts metals in various forms; a caster; as, a founder of cannon, bells, hardware, or types. Fonder's dust. Same as Facing, 4. -- Founder's sand, a kind of sand suitable for purposes of molding.
imperfect & past participle Foundered; present participle & verbal noun Foundering.; (Old French) fondrer to fall in, confer (French) s'effondrer, from fond bottom, (Latin) fundus. See Found to establish.
1. (Nautical) To become filled with water, and sink, as a ship.2. To fall; to stumble and go lame, as a horse. For which his horse fearé gan to turn, And leep aside, and foundrede as he leep. Chaucer.3. To fail; to miscarry. "All his tricks founder." (Shakespeare)
To cause internal inflammation and soreness in the feet or limbs of (a horse), so as to disable or lame him.
(Farriery) (a) A lameness in the foot of a horse, occasioned by inflammation; closh. (b) An inflammatory fever of the body, or acute rheumatism; as, chest founder. See Chest ffounder. James White.
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founder (plural founders) One who founds, establishes, and erects; one who lays a foundation; an author; one from whom something originates; one who endows. (genetics) Someone for whose parents one has no data.
founder (third-person singular simple present founders, present participle foundering, simple past and past participle foundered) (intransitive) Of a ship, to fill with water and sink. 1719, Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe We were not much more than a quarter of an hour out of our ship but we saw her sink, and then I understood for the first time what was meant by a ship foundering in the sea. (intransitive) To fall; to stumble and go lame, as a horse. (transitive) To disable or lame (a horse) by causing internal inflammation and soreness in the feet or limbs. (intransitive) To fail; to miscarry. Shakespeare All his tricks founder.
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