(Latin) Fungi, (English) Funguses
(Latin), a mushroom; perhaps akin to a doubtful (Greek) sponge.
1. (Botanical) Any one of the Fungi, a large and very complex group of thallophytes of low organization, -- the molds, mildews, rusts, smuts, mushrooms, toadstools, puff balls, and the allies of each.Note: The fungi are all destitute of chorophyll, and, therefore, to be supplied with elaborated nourishment, must live as saprophytes or parasites. They range in size from single microscopic cells to systems of entangled threads many feet in extent, which develop reproductive bodies as large as a man's head. The vegetative system consists of septate or rarely unseptate filaments called hyphae; the aggregation of hyphae into structures of more or less definite form is known as the mycelium. See Fungi, in the Supplement.2. (Medicine) A spongy, morbid growth or granulation in animal bodies, as the proud flesh of wounds. Hoblyn.
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From Latin fungus (“mushroom”). Compare Ancient Greek σπόγγος (spongos). Picture dictionary organism mold mushroom
fungus (plural fungi or funguses) Any member of the kingdom Fungi; a eukaryotic organism typically having chitin cell walls but no chlorophyll or plastids. Fungi may be unicellular or multicellular. 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8845: Plastics are energy-rich substances, which is why many of them burn so readily. Any organism that could unlock and use that energy would do well in the Anthropocene. Terrestrial bacteria and fungi which can manage this trick are already familiar to experts in the field.
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