imperfect & past participle Split (Splitted, Rare); present participle & vb. n. Splitting., Probably of (Scandinavian) or Low german origin; confer (Danish) splitte, (Low German) splitten, (Old Dutch) splitten, spletten, (Dutch) splijten, German spleissen, (Middle High German) splizen. Confer Splice, Splint, Splinter.
1. To divide lengthwise; to separate from end to end, especially by force; to divide in the direction of the grain layers; to rive; to cleave; as, to split a piece of timber or a board; to split a gem; to split a sheepskin. Cold winter split the rocks in twain. Dryden.2. To burst; to rupture; to rend; to tear asunder. A huge vessel of exceeding hard marble split asunder by congealed water. Boyle.3. To divide or break up into parts or divisions, as by discord; to separate into parts or parties, as a political party; to disunite. [Colloq.] South.4. (Chemistry) To divide or separate into components; -- often used with up; as, to split up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid. To split hairs, to make distinctions of useless nicety.
1. To part asunder; to be rent; to burst; as, vessels split by the freezing of water in them.2. To be broken; to be dashed to pieces. The ship splits on the rock. (Shakespeare)3. To separate into parties or factions. [Colloq.]4. To burst with laughter. [Colloq.] Each had a gravity would make you split. Pope.5. To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach. [Slang] Thackeray. To split on a rock, to err fatally; to have the hopes and designs frustrated.
A crack, or longitudinl fissure.2. A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division. [Colloq.]3. A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment.4. Specif (Leather Manufacturing), one of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.5. (Faro) A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.
1. Divided; cleft.2. (Botanical) Divided deeply; cleft. pease, hulled pease split for making soup, etc. -- pin (Machinery), a pin with one end split so that it may be spread open to secure it in its place. -- pulley, a parting pulley. See Pulley. -- ring, a ring with overlapped or interlocked ends which may be sprung apart so that objects, as keys, may be strung upon the ring or removed from it. -- ticket, a ballot containing the names of only a portion of the candidates regularly nominated by one party, other names being substituted for those omitted. [United States]
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c. 1567, from Middle Dutch splitten, from Proto-Germanic *splītaną (compare Frisian/Danish splitte, German spleißen), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)plei- 'to split, splice' (compare Old English speld 'splinter', Old High German spaltan 'to split', Old Irish sliss 'splinter', Latin spolium 'stripped hide', Lithuanian spaliai 'flax shives', Old Church Slavonic rasplatiti 'to cleave, split', Ancient Greek aspalon 'skin, hide', spólas 'flayed skin', Albanian flugë (“shingle”), Sanskrit sphaṭati 'it bursts').
split (plural splits) A crack or longitudinal fissure. A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division. A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment. (leather manufacture) One of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses. (gymnastics, usually in the phrase “to do the splits”) The acrobatic feat of spreading the legs flat on the floor 180 degrees apart, either sideways to the body or with one leg in front and one behind. (baseball, slang) A split-finger fastball. He’s got a nasty split. (bowling) A result of a first throw that leaves two or more pins standing with one or more pins between them knocked down. A dessert or confection resembling a banana split. A unit of measure used for champagne or other spirits: 18.75 centiliter or 1/4 quarter of a standard .75 liter bottle. Commercially comparable to 1/20th (US) gallon, which is 1/2 of a fifth. A bottle of wine containing 0.375 liters, 1/2 the volume of a standard .75 liter bottle; a demi. (athletics) The elapsed time at specific intermediate point(s) in a race. In the 3000m race, his 800m split was 1:45.32 (construction) A tear resulting from tensile stresses. (gambling) A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn. (music) A recording containing songs by multiple artists.
split (third-person singular simple present splits, present participle splitting, simple past and past participle split) (transitive, ergative) Of something solid, to divide fully or partly along a more or less straight line. He has split his lip. Robert Boyle (1627-1691) a huge vessel of exceeding hard marble split asunder by congealed water (transitive) To share; to divide. We split the money among three people. 2013 September-October, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, American Scientist: The critical component of the photosynthetic system is the “water-oxidizing complex”, made up of manganese atoms and a calcium atom. This system splits water molecules and delivers some of their electrons to other molecules that help build up carbohydrates. (slang) To leave. Let's split this scene and see if we can find a real party. to separate or break up. Did you hear Dick and Jane split? They'll probably get a divorce. To be broken; to be dashed to pieces. Shakespeare The ship splits on the rock. To burst out laughing. Alexander Pope Each had a gravity would make you split. (slang, dated) To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach. (Can we find and add a quotation of Thackeray to this entry?) simple past tense and past participle of split
See split (verb). Republicans appear split on the centerpiece of Mr. Obama's economic recovery plan. 2011 December 19, Kerry Brown, “Kim Jong-il obituary”, The Guardian: With the descent of the cold war, relations between the two countries (for this is, to all intents and purposes, what they became after the end of the war) were almost completely broken off, with whole families split for the ensuing decades, some for ever. (algebra, of a short exact sequence) Having the middle group equal to the direct product of the others. Comprising half decaffeinated and half caffeinated espresso.
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