(French); -- probably so named from its shape, and from (Latin) turbo a top, a whirl.
(Zoölogy) (a) A large European flounder (Rhombus maximus) highly esteemed as a food fish. It often weighs from thirty to forty pounds. Its color on the upper side is brownish with small roundish tubercles scattered over the surface. The lower, or blind, side is white. Called also bannock fluke. (b) Any one of numerous species of flounders more or less related to the true turbots, as the American plaice, or summer flounder (see Flounder), the halibut, and the diamond flounder (Hypsopsetta guttulata) of California. (c) The filefish; -- so called in Bermuda. (d) The trigger fish. Spotted turbot. See Windowpane.
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From Old (and modern) French turbot, from Old Swedish tornbut, from törn (“thorn”) + but (“butt, flatfish”).
turbot (plural turbot or turbots) A species of flatfish native to Europe, Scophthalmus maximus, earlier Psetta maxima. Any of various other flatfishes of family Scophthalmidae that are found in marine or brackish waters. 1931, Francis Beeding, chapter 1/1, Death Walks in Eastrepps: Eldridge closed the despatch-case with a snap and, rising briskly, walked down the corridor to his solitary table in the dining-car. Mulligatawny soup, poached turbot, roast leg of lamb—the usual railway dinner. Triggerfish, Canthidermis sufflamen.
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