(French), from (Latin) vacans, -antis, present participle of vacare to be empty, to be free or unoccupied, to have leisure, also vocare; akin to vacuus empty, and probably to (English) void. Confer Evacuate, Void, adjective
1. Deprived of contents; not filled; empty; as, a vacant room. Stuffs out his vacant garments with his form. (Shakespeare) Being of those virtues vacant. (Shakespeare) There is no fireside, howsoe'er defended, But has one vacant chair. Longfellow.2. Unengaged with business or care; unemployed; unoccupied; disengaged; free; as, vacant hours. Religion is the interest of all; but philosophy of those... at leisure, and vacant from the affairs of the world. Dr. High More. There was not a minute of the day which he left vacant. Bishop Fell.3. Not filled or occupied by an incumbent, possessor, or officer; as, a vacant throne; a vacant parish. Special dignities which vacant lie For thy best use and wearing. (Shakespeare)4. Empty of thought; thoughtless; not occupied with study or reflection; as, a vacant mind. The duke had a pleasant and vacant face. Sir High Wotton. When on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood. Wordsworth.5. (Law) Abandoned; having no heir, possessor, claimant, or occupier; as, a vacant estate. Bouvier. Vacant succession (Law), one that is claimed by no person, or where all the heirs are unknown, or where all the known heirs to it have renounced it. Burrill.
A thing is empty when there is nothing in it; as an empty room or an empty noddle. Vacant adds the idea of having been previously filled or intended to be filled or occupied; as a vacant seat at table; a vacant office; vacant hours. When we speak of a vacant look or a vacant mind we imply the absence of the intelligence naturally to be expected there.
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(Not occupied): available, empty, free, uninhabited, unoccupied (Showing no intelligence or interest): vacuous
vacant third-person plural present active indicative of vacō
Adjective vacant (not comparable) Not occupied; empty. vacant lot Showing no intelligence or interest. a vacant stare
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