From xanth- + -emia.
xanthemia (uncountable) (pathology) The occurrence of yellow matter in the blood. 1902, Heinrich Stern, Journal of the American Medical Association, Volume 38, On the treatment of obesity: Among the latter, incipient nephritis and metabolic anomalies, as xanthemia, arthritis uritica, oxaluria are common. 1922, Leroy Sheldon Palmer, Carotinoids and related pigments: the chromolipoids, page 136: Carotin was inferred, not demonstrated, in these cases, although Salomon measured the extent of the "xanthemia" in certain individuals by determining the extinction coefficient of the absorption bands of the ether extract of the blood. (pathology) The occurrence of yellow skin 1976, Denis Llewellyn Fox, Animal biochromes and structural colours: physical, chemical, distributional, page 174: False jaundice or carotenemia (xanthemia) is an unusual and abnormal yellowness of the human skin, sometimes actually appearing in the sweat, resulting from the ingestion of carotenoid-rich food such as carrots, oranges or yellow cucurbits in large quantities over protracted periods.
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