(Greek) xanqo`s yellow.
Also Xanthin. (Physiology Chemistry) A white microcrystalline nitrogenous compound, C5H4O2N4, present in muscle tissue, in the liver, spleen, pancreas, and other organs, and also in urine (in small quantities) and some urinary calculi, and in the juices of certain plants; -- so called because it leaves a yellow residue when evaporated to dryness with nitric acid. Xanthine is closely related to uric acid.
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From French xanthine, ultimately from Ancient Greek ξανθός (xanthós), "yellow", because xanthine is yellowish-white.
xanthine (plural xanthines) (chemistry) Any of a group of alkaloids that include caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine as well as the parent compound, a precursor of uric acid found in many organs of the body.
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