Z (ze; in England commonly, and in America sometimes, zêd; formerly,] also, îzzêrd) Z, the twenty-sixth and last letter of the English alphabet, is a vocal consonant. It is taken from the Latin letter Z, which came from the Greek alphabet, this having it from a Semitic source. The ultimate origin is probably Egyptian. Etymologically, it is most closely related to s, y, and j; as in glass, glaze; (English) yoke, (Greek) ] yugum; (English) zealous, jealous. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 273, 274.
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Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.
(metrology) Symbol for the prefix zepto-. (astronomy) Symbol for the redshift. (mathematics) Used to denote a real variable when x and y are already in use. (mathematics) Used to denote the third coordinate in three-dimensional Cartesian and cylindrical coordinate systems. (mathematics) Used to denote a complex variable. (statistics) Used to denote a value of a standard normal random variable. (analytic geometry, classical mechanics) Quantity along the third axis in a three-dimensional system, vertical when applicable. (chemistry) Symbol for atomic number. (IPA) voiced alveolar fricative
z from Toto víno pochází z Francie. -- This wine comes from France. out of Pět z deseti doktorů doporučuje tuto zubní pastu. Five out of ten doctors recommend this toothpaste.
z lower case (upper case Z) The twenty-sixth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
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